When and why did Tokyo replace Kyoto as capital of Japan?

April 10, 2017 Shawna No comments exist

Tokyo became Japan's capital in 1869, after the end of the Boshin war, in which the Tokugawa Shogunate was defeated and direct Imperial rule restored. Edo, as it was known before, was then renamed to Tokyo ("Eastern Capital") and became the new capital.
However, while Kyoto had been the official Japanese capital for more than a millennium, actual political power had been concentrated in Edo for several hundred years (since the early 17th century) before its official declaration as capital. As the Shogunate's main residence, all important political decisions that were made in Edo. I assume that this, coupled with the fact that Tokyo was a much larger and much more economically important city than Kyoto, was the main reason that the capital was moved there: the capital was moved, the but the actual seat of power stayed where it had been for more than 250 years.

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